What You Need To Know About Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the body either does not produce enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively by the cells. Insulin is a natural hormone produced by your body’s pancreas gland to control the level of glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood. As a result, if you have diabetes, the glucose in the blood (often called blood sugar) becomes very high. Learn more about the types, causes, signs, symptoms, tests, complications, and treatments for diabetes.

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Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a potentially dangerous condition that’s most common in people with diabetes. Hypoglycemia happens when your blood sugar drops to less than 70 mg/d. However, some people have symptoms of low blood sugar even when their blood sugar levels are higher. Learn more about the causes, signs, symptoms and what to do in an emergency for hypoglycemia.

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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is one of three main types of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes either cannot make enough insulin or are unable to effectively use the insulin in their bodies cell (or both). This leads to blood glucose levels that are very high. Approximately 90-95% of Americans with diabetes have this type. Learn more about the causes, signs, symptoms, tests, and treatments for type 2 diabetes.

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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, which means that your own body makes antibodies against the cells that are responsible for making insulin (these are the beta cells of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans). Eventually, your immune system destroys your own beta cells. Learn more about the causes, signs, symptoms, tests, and treatments for type 1 diabetes.

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The Lowdown on Low Blood Sugar

Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a potentially dangerous condition that occurs when blood sugar levels fall low enough that a person needs to take action. Because of the risks, it is important that you, along with your family, friends and coworkers, know the signs of a low blood sugar episode and how to respond.

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Are You Prepared to Manage Your Diabetes in an Emergency?

The My Diabetes Emergency Plan is a convenient checklist that contains all of the essential items those with diabetes need to have readily available in the event of an emergency. Learn more and get the checklist here.

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