Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis

Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) require exogenous insulin for survival and should be identified as soon as possible to avoid high morbidity due to a delay in insulin treatment.

T1D should be suspected in pediatric patients with hyperglycemia, particularly if they are younger than 10 years; the majority of these patients have T1D, regardless of race or ethnicity. Among adolescents and young adults, the ratio of T1D to T2D shifts. In the 2014 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diabetes Statistics report, the proportions of youth 10-19 years of age with newly diagnosed T1D were: Native Americans, 18%; Asians, 39%; non-Hispanic blacks, 40%; Hispanics, 52%; and non-Hispanic whites, 85% (1).

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