Diagnosis and Management of Hyperglycemic Crises: Diabetic Ketoacidosis and the Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State

Key Points

  • DKA and HHS are life-threatening emergencies.

  • Management involves

    • Attention to precipitating cause

    • Fluid and electrolyte management

    • Insulin therapy

    • Patient monitoring

    • Prevention of metabolic complications during recovery

    • Transition to long-term therapy

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