The Burden of Diabetes in Pregnancy

Epidemiology

Three types of diabetes may complicate pregnancy: preexisting type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). By definition, the first two types of diabetes are already established prior to pregnancy. GDM, also referred to as hyperglycemia in pregnancy, is a condition in which glucose intolerance develops in a patient who has not been previously diagnosed with diabetes.1,2

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